Overview Of Columbia For Travelers

Until roughly 30 years ago,​ Columbia was a​ peaceful country. Rebel groups and the​ influence of​ cocaine production have changed that. Here’s an​ overview of​ Columbia for travelers.

Overview of​ Columbia for Travelers

The Spanish first colonized Columbia in​ 1525. Full independence was claimed in​ 1813. in​ 1819,​ Greater Columbia was formed which included modern day countries Columbia,​ Venezuela,​ Ecuador and Panama. This conglomeration fell apart fairly quickly.

In 1978,​ political disputes and corruption led to​ rebel groups pursuing violent insurrection attempts. the​ primary groups were the​ Revolutionary Armed Forces of​ Colombia (FARC) and the​ Democratic Alliance/M-19 (M-19). These two entities have subsequently pursued a​ civil war against the​ federal government,​ often controlling parts of​ the​ country. Since 2000,​ the​ rebel groups have lost much of​ their ability and no major attacks have occurred.

Starting in​ the​ late 1970s,​ the​ cocaine industry became big in​ Columbia. Cartels formed to​ control production and became rich and powerful in​ the​ late 80s. Efforts by the​ government to​ control the​ cartels led to​ open violence and massive corruption. in​ the​ late 90s,​ the​ massive cartels were finally broken up. Cocaine production hasn’t really been effected,​ it​ is​ just controlled by smaller,​ more discreet cartels.

The official name of​ the​ country is​ Republic of​ Columbia. Columbia covers an​ area of​ about 440,​000 square miles and is​ the​ fourth largest country in​ South America. the​ capital is​ Bogotá with a​ population of​ just over 7 million people. Other major population areas include the​ cities of​ Medellin,​ Cali and Cartagena. the​ terrain in​ Columbia varies from rugged mountains to​ coastline on​ the​ Pacific Ocean to​ flat grasslands. Temperatures are generally warm and humid with the​ exception of​ cooler climates in​ the​ higher mountain areas.

The people of​ Columbia are known as​ Colombians. the​ total population is​ just over 46 million with a​ growth rate just under two percent annually. Roman Catholic is​ the​ dominant religious faith and Spanish is​ the​ language. Literacy rates are 93 percent in​ urban areas and 67 percent in​ more rural locations. Life expectancy for a​ Columbian man is​ 69 years and 75 for a​ Columbian woman. Ethnic break down is​ primarily Mestizo at​ 58 percent of​ the​ population followed by white at​ 20 percent,​ mulatto at​ 14 percent and black at​ four percent.

As these facts on​ Columbia reveal,​ the​ country is​ going through a​ massive period of​ destabilization with narcotics and guerrilla warfare an​ overwhelming problem. Only the​ future will reveal whether Columbia pulls out of​ the​ mess.
Overview Of Columbia For Travelers Overview Of Columbia For Travelers Reviewed by Henda Yesti on August 09, 2018 Rating: 5

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