Overview Of Argentina For Travelers

Located in​ South America,​ Argentina is​ a​ beautiful and passionate place. Following is​ an​ overview of​ Argentina for travelers.

Overview of​ Argentina for Travelers

Argentina covers roughly 1.1 million square miles and is​ the​ second largest country in​ South America. Due to​ its unique location,​ practically every climate imaginable can be found in​ some part of​ the​ country.

The people of​ Argentina are known as​ “Argentines.” the​ total estimated population is​ 38.6 million and grows at​ half a​ percent each year. the​ ethnicity of​ Argentines is​ 97 percent European and 3 percent non-white. Argentines are overwhelmingly Roman Catholics,​ with 92 percent members of​ the​ faith. the​ primary language spoken is​ Spanish and the​ literacy rate is​ 97 percent. the​ life expectancy rate is​ 75.8 years.

History

Europeans arrived in​ Argentina in​ 1502 with the​ arrival of​ Amerigo Vespucci,​ the​ individual after whom the​ Americas are named. Spanish navigator Juan Diaz de Solias visited what is​ now Argentina in​ 1516. Spain pursued colonization 80 years later,​ establishing the​ city of​ Buenos Aires. in​ 1816,​ the​ Buenos Aires colony obtained independence. the​ country we now know as​ Argentina wasn’t established until 1861.

In the​ late 19th century,​ Argentina became a​ favorite of​ European investment and relocation. the​ country flourished. From 1880 to​ 1930,​ Argentina was one the​ top 10 wealthiest countries in​ the​ world. With this ranking came a​ developed infrastructure and fairly high standard of​ living. Unfortunately,​ things became a​ bit less prosperous after 1930.

In 1943,​ the​ military overthrew the​ civil leadership. Juan Peron was one of​ the​ military leaders and became the​ dominant figure in​ the​ new government. in​ 1946,​ questionable elections resulted in​ his ascendance to​ the​ presidency. Despite his role in​ the​ coup,​ Peron aggressively pursued policies to​ empower the​ working class and raise living standards. His legendary wife,​ Eva Peron,​ was masterful at​ generating popular support for her husband.

Juan Peron subsequently exiled by the​ military,​ but then brought back as​ president as​ the​ country destabilized because of​ corruption and fraud. Peron died during this second term and controlled chaos more or​ less existed in​ Argentina for the​ next twenty years as​ extremist groups fought with the​ military for power. This period is​ generally known as​ the​ “Dirty War” when thousands were killed in​ the​ power struggle or​ just disappeared.

The late 1990s were a​ horrific economic period for Argentina. a​ four-year depression led to​ massive unemployment. the​ government defaulted on​ $88 billion in​ debt,​ the​ largest every default in​ history. the​ good news,​ however,​ is​ things have stabilized in​ the​ last four years with the​ country returning to​ better times both economically and politically. Indeed,​ now is​ an​ excellent time to​ visit.

Travel to​ Argentina and you​ will find a​ beautiful country with a​ little of​ everything. From the​ elegance of​ Buenos Aires to​ a​ day trip to​ Patagonia,​ Argentina is​ a​ top travel destination.
Overview Of Argentina For Travelers Overview Of Argentina For Travelers Reviewed by Henda Yesti on August 09, 2018 Rating: 5

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