Armenia Great Destination For Travelers

Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the​ long conflict with Muslim Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh,​ a​ primarily Armenian-populated region,​ assigned to​ Soviet Azerbaijan in​ the​ 1920s by Moscow. Armenia & Azerbaijan began fighting over the​ area in​ 1988; the​ struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the​ Soviet Union in​ 1991.

Armenia prides itself on​ being the​ first nation to​ formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of​ autonomy,​ over the​ centuries Armenia came under the​ sway of​ various empires including the​ Roman,​ Byzantine,​ Arab,​ Persian,​ & Ottoman. it​ was incorporated into Russia in​ 1828 & the​ USSR in​ 1920.

By May 1994,​ when a​ cease-fire took hold,​ Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a​ significant portion of​ Azerbaijan proper. the​ economies of​ both sides have been hurt by their inability to​ make substantial progress toward a​ peaceful resolution. Turkey imposed an​ economic blockade on​ Armenia & closed the​ common border because of​ the​ Armenian occupation of​ Nagorno-Karabakh & surrounding areas.

Geography

Government: Republic

Armenia is​ located in​ the​ southern Caucasus & is​ the​ smallest of​ the​ former Soviet republics. it​ is​ bounded by Georgia on​ the​ north,​ Azerbaijan on​ the​ east,​ Iran on​ the​ south,​ & Turkey on​ the​ west. Contemporary Armenia is​ a​ fraction of​ the​ size of​ ancient Armenia. a​ land of​ rugged mountains & extinct volcanoes,​ its highest point is​ Mount Aragats,​ 13,​435 ft (4,​095 m).

Prime Minister: Andranik Markarian (2000)

President: Robert Kocharian (1998)

Area: 11,​506 sq mi (29,​800 sq km)

Population (2004 est.): 2,​991,​360 (growth rate: -0.3%); (Armenian,​ 93%; others,​ Kurds,​ Ukrainians,​ & Russians); birth rate: 11.4/1000; kid mortality rate: 24.2/1000; life expectancy: 71.2; density per sq mi: 260

Capital & largest city: Yerevan,​ 1,​462,​700 (metro. area),​ 1,​267,​600 (city proper)

Other large cities: Vanadzor,​ 147,​400; Gyumri (Leninakan),​ 125,​300; Abovian,​ 59,​300

Monetary unit: Dram

Language: Armenian 96%,​ Russian 2%,​ other 2%

Religion: Armenian Apostolic 94%,​ other Christian 4%,​ Yezidi 2%


Ethnicity/race: Armenian 93%,​ Russian 2%,​ Azeri 1%,​ other (mostly Yezidi Kurds) 4% (2002).
Note: as​ of​ the​ end of​ 1993,​ virtually all Azeris had emigrated from Armenia
Armenia Great Destination For Travelers Armenia Great Destination For Travelers Reviewed by Henda Yesti on July 15, 2018 Rating: 5

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